Day trading, a form of short-term trading in which buying and selling financial instruments or products are completed within the same trading day, is gaining considerable attention in India. Some day traders in India focus on trading Indian financial instruments, while others take a more international approach.

Day trading can become a profitable venture with the right strategies and a thorough understanding. Day trading in India offers a lucrative opportunity for those willing to put in the time and effort to understand the market’s intricacies. However, it is not a guaranteed way to make quick profits. It requires constant learning, analysis, and vigilance. Remember, patience and discipline are as important as your trading strategies in this volatile world of day trading. Start with play-money trading in a free Demo Account to practice and test-run your strategies without risking actual money. Once you gain confidence, gradually transition into live trading. Your journey in day trading may be fraught with challenges, but it can certainly be rewarding with the right approach.

day trading in india

Understanding Day Trading

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Day trading refers to buying and selling within a single trading day. Traders aim to make profits from small intraday price fluctuations. Unlike traditional investment methods, day trading requires active involvement and consistent tracking of market trends. At the end of the trading day, a daytrader will not have any open positions. In other words, no positions are kept open overnight.

Legal Aspects of Day Trading in India

Before you embark on your day trading journey in India, it’s crucial to understand its legal aspects. The Securities and Exchange Board of India (SEBI) governs many aspects of day trading in India, and it’s mandatory to follow their guidelines. For example, for securities daytrading, you may be required to have a Demat and trading account linked to your PAN card to initiate trading. 

About the stock markets in India

Many day traders in India start by focusing on securities listed on stock exchanges within India. India’s primary stock exchanges are the Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE) and the National Stock Exchange (NSE). The Bombay Stock Exchange is the older of the two, with roots going back to 1875. The NSE is considerably younger and was only around in the early 1990s, with trading commencing in 1994.

India is a massive economy and in early 2024, the total stock market capitalization in India surpased Hong Kong´s. It is not difficult to understand why may daytraders – both within India and those living somewhere else – are attracted to Indian securities and financial products.

India is the 5th largest economy in the world by GDP, and its GDP for 2023 was the eqvivalent of 3.7 trillion USD. According to data from Bloomberg, the value of shares listed on Indian exchanges reached $4.33 trillion in January 2024. The largest company listed on the Bombay Stock Exchange is Reliance Industries, which by the end of January 2024 had a market cap exceeding $229 billion USD.


  • Both the BSE and the NSE follows the same trading mechanisms, have the same trading hours, and employ the same settlement process, which simplyfies things.
  • As of December 2023, BSE had over 5,300 listed share companies while NSE had 2,266. Still, NSE had a larger trading volume.
  • It should be noted that almost all of the major share companies in India are listed on both BSE and NSE.

Speculating on Indian Market Indices

The two most prominent Indian market indices are Sensex and Nifty.

Sensex is the oldest market index for Indian equities. It was established in 1986 and is comprised of 30 firms listed on the BSE. The base year for the Sensex is 1979.

Nifty is the Standard and Poor´s CNX Nifty. Established in 1996, it is comprised for 50 companies listed on the NSE.

Can Foreigners Invest in Indian Share Companies?

If you are a novice Indian day trader, you might not be overly interested in these issues, but investment rules are still important for market prices. and being knowledgeable about these things is a good thing. So, are foreigners allowed to invest in Indian share companies? The answer is yes, they are. Since the 1990s, foreign investments have been classified into two categories: Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) and Foreign Portfolio Investment (FPI). If the investor takes part in the day-to-day management and operations of the company, the investment is automatically classified as FDI.

Only registered foreign institutional investors (FII) and those holding a sub-account of a registered FII are permitted to make portfolio investments. The SEBI makes registration.

Examples of institutional investor types that are currently investing in Indian share companies are pension funds, mutual funds, sovereign wealth funds, endowments, bank, insurance companies, and asset management companies.

Note: FIIs are only allowed to invest in unlisted Indian securities (OTC trading) if they receive approval from the Reserve Bank of Indian in advance.

Tips for Budding Daytraders in India

Learn About the Market

Knowledge of the market is fundamental to day trading. Understand the key factors that influence market trends, such as economic indicators, corporate news and earnings reports, and global events. Familiarize yourself with financial instruments like equities, futures, options, and commodities. You should also be aware of concepts like ‘Bullish’ and ‘Bearish’ markets, IPOs, bid-ask spread, and others.

Develop a Trading Plan

A well-planned trading strategy, including which instruments to trade, when to enter and exit, and how much to invest, is crucial. Keep your financial goals and risk tolerance in mind while creating your trading plan. 

Understand Day Trading Risk Management

Day trading involves high risk, hence managing it is critical. Always limit your per-trade investment to a small portion of your total trading capital. Implement a stop-loss order to limit potential losses and use the take-profit order to secure your profits when the asset reaches a specific price.

Consider if Technical Analysis is Right for You

Technical analysis involves studying past market data, primarily price and volume, to predict future price trends. Traders use various indicators and charts for this analysis. Some commonly used technical analysis tools include Moving Averages, Relative Strength Index (RSI), Bollinger Bands, and Fibonacci retracement.

Stay Up-to-Date

The financial markets are dynamic and influenced by global events. Stay informed about international and national news, economic releases, and company announcements. Use real-time news feeds and market analysis tools to stay updated.

Monitor Your Performance

Regular review of your trading performance helps identify what’s working and what’s not. Maintain a trading journal to record your strategies, trades, wins, and losses.